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Tuesday, 31 May 2011

ENTOMOLOGY CROP INSECT PESTS

                          RICE
  
INSECT PEST
SCINTIFIC NAME
1) Yellow stem borer
Scirpophaga incertulas
2) Rice gall midge
Orseolia oryzae
3) Brown plant hopper
Nilaparvata lugens
4) Green leafhopper
Nephotettix virescence
5) Rice hispa
Dicladispa armigera
6) Rice leaf folder
Craphalocrocis medinalis
7) Rice gundhi bug
Leptocorisa oratorius
8) Rice caseworm
Nymphula depunctalis
9) Rice swarming caterpillar
Spodoptera mauritiana
10) Climbing cutworm
Mythimna separeta
11) Whorl maggot
Hydrellia sasaki
12) Rice grasshopper
Hieroglyphus banian
13) Rice root weevil
Echinocnemus oryzae



1. Sorghum shoot fly
Atherigona soccata
2. Sorghum stem borer
Chilo partellus
3. Ragi pink borer
Sesamia inference
4. Red headed hairy caterpillar
Amsacta albistriga
5. Sorghum midge
Contarina sorghicola
6. Sorghum earhead bug
Calocoris angustatus
7. Ragi cutworm
Spodoptera exigua
8. Black hairy caterpillar
Estigmene lactenea
9. Sorghum aphid
Raphalosiphus maidis
10.Ragi root aphid
Tetraneura nigreabdominalis



1. Maize shoot bug
Peregrinus maidis
2. Blister beetle
Mylabris pustulata
3. Deccan wingless grasshopper
Colemania sphenaroides



SUGARCANE           
1. Early shoot borer
Chilo infustellus
2. Top shoot borer
Tryporyza novella
3. Internodal borer
Chilo sacchariphagus indicus
4. Sugarcane scale
Melanaspis glomeratae
5. Sugarcane leafhopper
Dityophora pallidae
6. Wooly aphid
Ceratovacuna laegera
7. Sugarcane white fly
Aleurobolus barodensis
8. Sugarcane white grub
Holotrichia serreta
9. Sugarcane termites
Odentomes obesus
10.Sugarcane mealybug
Saccharicocus sacchari



1. Spotted bollworm
Earias vitella
2. American bollworm
Helicoverpa armigera
3. Pink bollworm
Platyedra gossypiella
4. Tobacco caterpillar
Spodoptera litura
5. Cotton leaf hopper
Amrasca bigutula bigutula
6. Cotton aphid
Aphis gossypi
7. Cotton whitefly
Bemisia tabaci
8. Cotton thrips
Thrips tabaci
9. Red cotton bug
Dysdercus cingulatus
10.Dusky cotton bug
Oxcarinus hyalinipennis
11.Cotton leaf roller
Sylepta derogate
12.Cotton stem weevil
Pempherulus affinis
13.Cotton grasshopper
Cyrtacanthacris ranacea



GRONDNUT
1. Red headed hairy caterpillar
Amsacta albistriga
2 .Groundnut leaf miner
Aproaerema modicella
3. Tobacco caterpillar
Spodoptera litura
4. white grubs
Holotrichia insularis
5. Groundnut pod bug
Elasmolomus kerri
6. Jewel beetle
Sphenoptera indica
7. Leaf hopper
Empoasca kerri
8. Thrips
Scirtothrips dorsalis
9. Groundnut aphid
Aphis craccivora 



1. Castor semilooper
Achaea janata
2. Castor slug
Parasa lepida
3. Castor butterfly
Ergolis merione
4. Castor whitefly
Trialeurodes ricini
5. Thrips
Scirtothrips dorsalis


Gngelly leaf & pod borer
Antigastra satalaunalis
Gingelly gall fly
Asphandylia sesame
Gingelly hawk moth
Acherantia styx








1. Safflower aphid
Uroleucon compositae
2. Safflower leaf eating caterpillar
Perigaea capensis


Mesta hairy catter
Euproctis scintillaus
Meata stem weevil
Alcidodes affaber
Mealy bug on mesta
Maconellicocus hirsutus
Leaf hopper on mesta
Ambrasca bigutula bigutula


Sunhemp hairy caterpillar
Uthethesia lotrix
Sunhemp stem borer
Laspeyresia tricentra
Sunhemp weevil
Alcidodes leopardus
Sunhemp flea beetle
 Longitarsus bengaumensis


Jute semi looper
Anomis sasabulifera
Jute stem weevil
Apion corchori
Jute stem girdle
Nupserha bicolar post brunnea


1. Gram caterpillar
Helicoverpa armigera
2. Red Gram Plume moth
Exelastis atomosa
3. Red gram pod fly
Melanagromyza obtuse
4. Spotted pod borer
Maruca vitrata
5. green pod boring caterpillar
Etiella zinckenella
6. Blue butterfly
Catachrysops ststrabo
7. Stem fly
Ophiomyia phaseoli
8. Red gram Pod bug
Anoplocnemis phasiaana
9. Leaf hopper
Empoasca kerri
10. Bean Aphids
Aphis craccivora 
11.Cow bug-red gram
Otinatus oneratus
12.Green plant bug
Nezara viridula


1.Stem Fly
Ophiomyzae phaseoli
2.Ragi cutworm
Spodoptera exigua
3.Soyabean leaf miner
Aproaerema modicella
4. White fly
Bemisia tabaci



Bihar hairy caterpillar
Spilosoma obliqua
S.F Leaf hopper (jassids
Amrasca biguttula biguttula
Linseed bud fly
Dasineura lini
White grub






Tobacco caterpillar
Spodoptera litura
Aphid
Myzus pursicae
White fly
Bemisia tabaci
Tobacco stem borer
Scrobipalpa heliopa




Desert locust
Spodoptera litura
Migratory locust
Locust migratory
Bombay locust
Patanga succineta



INSECT PESTS OF STORED GRAINS
A.INTERNAL FEEDER
Grain weevil
Rice weevil:
Maize weevil:
Granary weevil:

Sitophilus oryzae,
 S. zeamais,
S. granarius
Lesser grain borer
Rhyzopertha dominica
Angoumois grain moth
Sitotroga cerealella
Pulse beetle
Callosobruchus chinensis


B.EXTERNAL FEEDER
Rust red flour beetle
Tribolium castaneum
Kapra beetle
Trigoderma granarium
Rice moth
Corcyra cephalonica
Saw toothed grain beetle
Oryzaephilus surinamensis












FRUITS & VEGETABLES


1.Citrus butterfly
Papilio demolious
2.Citrus fruit sucking moth
Eudocima ancilla
3. Citrus leaf miner
Phyllocnistic citrella
4. Citrus psyllid
Diaphorina citri


Mango hoppers
Idioscopus niveoparsus
Mango stem borer
Batocera rufomaculata
Mango nut weevil
Sternochaetus mangiferae
Shoot webber
Orthaga exvinacea
Shoot borer
Clumetia transversa
Mango fruit borer
Deanolis albizonalis
Red ant
Oecophylla smaradina


Rhizome weevil
Cosmopolites sordidus
Banana aphid
Pentalonia nigronervosa f. typica


Flea beetle
Scelodonta strigicollis
Thrips
Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus
Mealy bug
Maconellicoccus hirsutus
MINOR PEST
Stem girdle
Sthenias grisator
Stem borer
coelosternascabrator


Sapota leaf webber
Nephopteryx eugraphella
Parijath hairy caterpillar
Metansiria hyrtaca
Mealy bug
Planocaccus citri


Butterfly
Virachola  isocrates
Thrips
Anaphothrips oligochatus


Stem borer
Apriona cinera
Woolly aphid
Eriosoma lanigerum
Scales
Quadraspidiotus perniciosus
Custard apple mealy bugs
Ferrisia virgata


BER
Ber fruit fly
Carpomyia vesuviana
Ber fruit borer
Meridarches scyrodes



Leaf eating caterpillar
Spodoptera litura
Whitefly
 Bemisia tabaci
Serpentine leaf miner
Liriomyza trifolii


Ailachna beetle
Henosepilachna vigineta
Brinjal shoot & fruit borer
Leucinodes orbonalis
Stem borer
Euzophera perticella
Mealy bugs
Centrococcus insolitus
Brinjal aphid
Aphis gossypi
Leaf hopper
Ambrasca bigutula bigutula
Lace wing bug
Urentius hystricellus
Brinjal leaf webber
Psara bipunctalis


Bhendi fruit borer
Earias vitella
Bhendi leaf hopper
Amrasca bigutula bigutula
Mites
Tetranychus teliarius


Chilli thrips
Scirtothrips dorsalis
Chilli pod  borer
Spodoptera  litura
Aphid
Aphis gossypi



Diamond back moth
Plutella xylostella
Cabbage head borer
Hellula undalis
Leaf webber
Crocidolomia binotalis
Cabbage aphid
Brevicoryne brassicae
Cruciferous pointed bug
Bagrada hilaris
Tobacco caterpillar
Spodoptera litura
Cabbage butterfly
Pieris brassicae



Cucurbit fruit fly
Bactrocerca cucurbitae
Pumpkin beetle
Raphidopalpa foveicollis
Aphids
Aphis gossypii
Snake guard semilooper
Plusia peponis






Amaranthus caterpillar
Hymenia recurvalis


Mustard aphid
Lipaphis erysimi
Mustard saw fly
Athalia lugens proxima
Painted bug
Bargrada hilaris


Potato tuber moth
Phthorimaea operculella
Sweet potato weevil
Cylas formicarius
Tortoris beetle
Aspidomorpha miliaris
Moringa hairy caterpillar
Eupterote mollifera
Moringa bud worm
Norda moringae
Amaranthus stem weevil
Hyopolixus truncatulus



Black headed caterpillar
Opisina arenosella
Rhinoceros beetle
Oryctes rhinoceros
Red palm weevil
Rhynchophorus ferrugineus
Slug caterpillar
Contheyla rotunda
Scale insect
Aspidiotus destructor
Termite
Odontotermes obesus




Turmeric rhizome fly
Mimegralla coeruleifrons
Turmeric lace wing bug
Stephanotis typicus
Beetle vine shoot bug
Disphinctus politus
Onion thrips
Thrips tabaci
Coriander aphid
Hyadaphis coriandri
Coriander caterpillar



Syllid
Diaphornica citri
Citrus butterfly
Papilio demoleus
Black beetle
Indarbela tetraonis



GARLIC
Same as onion pests

Thepollu beetle
Longitarus nigropennis
Pepper shoot borer
Cydia hemidoxa






White stem borer
Xylotrechus quadripes
COFFEE Red borer
Zeuzera coffeae
Coffee green scale
Lecanium viridae




Tea mosquito bug
Helopeltis theivora
White grub
Holotrichia serreta
Thrips
Scirtothrips dorsalis
Webber
Zeuzera coffee



Thrips
Rhipiphorothrips cruentatus
Scale
Lindingaspis rossi
MINOR PEST
Leaf eating caterpillar
Latoia lipida
Flower Chaffer beetle
Oxycetonia versicolor


Jasmine stink bug
Antestiopsis cruciata
Jasmine bud worm
Henecasis duplifascialis
Jasmine felt mite
Aceria jasmine


Serpentine leaf miner
Liriomyzza trifoli
Chrysanthemum aphid
Macrosiphoniella sanborni
Parijath hairy caterpillar
Metaastria hyrtaca
Lilly caterpillar
Polytela gloriosae



RODENTS
           
IN FEILD
Indian mole rat
Bandicota bengalensis
Soft fursed field rat
Rattus melda
Indian gerhil rat anteloperat
Tatera indica
Indian field mouse
Mus platythrix
Coconut rat
Rattus rattus wroughtoni
IN STORAGE
House mouse
Mus musculus
House rat
Rattus rattus rufisecus
Bandicoot rat
Bandicota indica
Brown rat
Rattus norvagicus

           



PLANT PARASITIC NEMATODES

Rice white tip nematode
Aphelenchoides besseyi
Wheat gall / ear cockle cyst
Anguina tritici
Vegetables root-knot nematode
Meloidogyne incognita
Citrus nematode
Tylenchulus semipenetrans
Banana Burrowing nematode
Radopholus similis


MITE PESTS
RICE MITES
Leaf mite
Oligonychus oryzae
Panicle mite
Steneotarsonemus spinki
SORGHUM MITES

Srghum mite
Oligonychus indicus
COTTON MITES

Cotton mite
Tetranychus telarius
REDGRAM MITES

Redgram mite
Aceria cajani
VEGETABLES
Teranychus telerius
Citrus mite
Eutetranychus orientalis
Chilli mite

Coconut mite
Aceria guerreronis


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